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Selasa, 14 Juli 2009

Coconut Crab

Overview of the animal is indeed a bit frightening, especially for a phobia of arthropod. However, actually coconut crab is very exotic and captivating animal. Its claw can peel coconut skins that you already know that skin consists of a stack of coconut fiber that is very thick.

Animals that have a Latin name Birgus latro can be found in the areas from the Indian to the central Pacific Ocean. Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean has the largest and best-preserved population in the world. Other Indian Ocean populations exist on the Seychelles, especially Aldabra, the Glorioso Islands, Astove Island, Assumption Island and Cosmoledo, but the coconut crab is extinct on the central islands. They are also known on several of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. Large numbers roam freely in the British-owned Chagos Archipelago, also known as the British Indian Ocean Territories (BIOT). They are protected on these islands from being hunted and/or eaten, with fines of up to 1,500 British pounds (roughly $3,000 USD) per crab consumed. On Mauritius and Rodrigues, they are extinct.

Been reported that the animal is able to achieve weight 4 kg and has a body length of up to 40 cm and foot expanse around 200 cm. male coconut crab has larger body than female coconut crab. Front legs have a pair of tweezers for coconut husk, and claw (chelae) can lift objects up to 29 kg . Next two pairs of legs, as in the other hermit crab, is running a big foot and strong of possible Coconut crab swarm the tree (often coconut) vertically at up to 6 m. Pair to four feet with a small claw-like tweezers on the tip, allows young crab hold on the skin or coconut shell coconut slug for shelter; adult animals using this pair legs to walk and swarm. The last leg pair is very small and is only used to clean the respiratory organ.

you need to know that the coconut crab can not swim, except when he was still a larvae. the smallest coconut crab will be sink if put in the water.

Coconut crab food consists mainly of fruits, including coconut. However, they will eat almost all organic, such as leaves, rotten fruit, eggs, turtle, died animals, and the body shell of another animal, be trusted to provide the calcium. They may also eat live animals that are too slow to flee, as the new turtle hatch. Coconut crab often try to steal food from the crab and other food will be dragged to their hiding place to eat safely. There is typical way to take the coconut crab, crab throw the coconuts to the ground when trying to open the fruit in a tree. Coconut crab make a hole in the coconut with a strong tweezers, ago they eat the contents; behavior is unique in the world of animals.

Coconut crab with the size and strength to create fear that has a special place in cultural communities where there is a coconut crab. Coconut crab be admired because of strength, and said that the village people use animals to keep their coconut plant . Coconut crab may attack humans when threatened. Crab that has not fully grown, is also sold as pets, for example in Tokyo. Its cage must be strong enough that coconut crab can not use its tweezers to escape. When someone get squeezed by Coconut crab tweezers , the squeezed not only pain but also strong. Thomas Hale Streets reported the following trick, which is used by the Mikronesa people, in the Line Islands, in order to loosen the Coconut crab squeezed.

It may be interesting to know that in such a dilemma a gentle titillation of the under soft parts of the body with any light material will cause the crab to lose its hold.

truly incredible animal :)

Sabtu, 18 April 2009

Javan Leopard Vanishing, The Last Black Panther

Javan Leopard that I myself could not see it directly; currently his existence began to be threatened. Moreover in several conservation areas like the Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (TNGHS) was not found again, these Javan Leopard tracks vanished. The "big possibility that Javan Leopard has disappeared " said Section's" headword of the Protection of the Forest and Conservation of Nature the Kehutanan Service, Kabupaten Lebak, Noerly Edlimar, on Saturday (in March 7.2009).

Javan Leopard or Black Panther (Panthera pardus melas) that in Indonesian was acknowledged as “Macan Kumbang” was the night animal (nocturnal) they measuring big, had the sharp sight and smelling. Their fur was shiny black as being proper for the beetle, as well as was decorated with the dark feature of spots that only was seen if being affected by the clear rays. These characteristics were also received to Female Javan Leopard, only the Female has smaller size.

They were the skilled to climb the tree. The tree also became their hiding place and put hunting prey especially who had the big body like the dog, deer and the other mammalian kind. This tiger was classified as the loner's animal. Only gathered when the season was married arrived. Javan Leopard was the only one species that available in the Java-Indonesia. Javan Leopard was recorded had never bitten humankind.

You could find some Javan Leopard populations in the Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park. And possibly the amount will continue to descend resulting from the conduct of humankind that held the activity like the mining of gold illegally, hunting, expanding forest for home, etc.. Because of that Javan Leopard evaluated as being threatened Extinct in IUCN Red List and was registered in CITES Appendix I. this Fauna was protected in Indonesia, that was included in UU No.5 in 1990 and PP No.7 in 1999.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

Genus: Panthera

Spesies: P. pardus

Subspecies: P. p. melas

Source :

Senin, 13 April 2009

Exotic Blue of Bali Starling

Bali Starling was exotic birds that really admired by birds lover. The tip of the tail and the wings Balinese Starling this was black and in his cheek part to the colored eyes blue clear, a glance apparently like the person that parade by using the paint to his face. The colored part blue clear was not overgrown the hair and birds foots were grayish, this increased the uniqueness from other birds. Male birds and female had the same characteristics. These birds could be only found in the west part of the Balinese forest.

The person that the first time described Balinese Starling this was Walter Rothschild he is English citizen during 1912 introduced Balinese Starling in the world of science. The name of his now is used for the Latin name of these birds that is (Leucopsar rothschildi)

The fauna of the symbol of the Balinese Province was one of the birds was rarest in the world, and represented the single genus from the kind myna that lived endemic in the Balinese Island in the western part. In the history of the spreading, Balinese Starling birds spread the area at the west of the Balinese Island including in the national park region, the dry savannah forest, and the undergrowth forest (monsoon) in the national park and the garden forest in rural areas. However with the expansion and the plantation of the settlement territory, from each year the Balinese Starling population's being fragmented, and became small populations, that were increasingly decreased.

In its original habitat, the hunting of Balinese Starling very serious problems as its population estimated decreasing. Moreover, environmental damage that still happening in the National Park Balinese Barat took part in hindering the growth of this bird’s population. It is not surprising when the newest survey that will be carried out early 2005 only found five tails Balinese Starling in the wild.

Balinese Starling breeding seasons usually takes place on October-November; they made the nest in trees, less than 175 cm high. They like the undergrowth and palm trees in the open wild, which bordered into dense forest zone.

Moreover, in the past sometimes Balinese Starling made the nest in the coconut plantation, close to the settlement of the inhabitants. Its pleasure lived in the open place also made them easy to find and be captured in the wild.

At this time was based on the census in 2001, the number of Balinese Starling birds in the wild and not more than 6 birds. With the number of populations like that, globally Balinese Starling has been extinct in the wild. For the 10 years period, the population continued to decrease very fast. We should thank to local Indonesian breeder that could breed this bird and save it from extinction. Not surprised if at this time, we couldn’t seen Balinese Starling that flew gathered. Only was found by one or two birds that flew, otherwise it was difficult to had visual appearance of Balinese Starling birds.

Moreover, several years in recent time’s theft efforts have increased and have been accompanied by the Balinese Starling population's robbery in the breeding center area. The biggest robbery was happened during 1999 where totaling 39 Balinese Starling bird succeeded in being plundered from the breeding center of the National Park West Bali.

Bali Starling protected by regulations because of its status already critical, and entered in appendix I CITES.

source :

Jumat, 10 April 2009

Fast Swimmer Sumatran Tiger

used to put its prey that can’t do a fast swim into a corner. The Do you know this Sumatran Tiger can swim? In the first time, I was surprised how this tiger can swim, but Sumatran Tiger has a membrane between its toes, that make light of fast swim. Sumatran Tiger is the smallest of all extant tiger subspecies. Its stripes are narrower than other subspecies of tigers' stripes, and it has a more bearded and manned appearance, especially the males.

Interesting thing happened when female Sumatran Tiger would born children, its skin become dark green, maybe this one of camouflage thing to distract other predator that can ambush its child. Sumatran Tiger can proliferate anytime without any limitation of season. Female Sumatran Tiger pregnancy takes 103 days, and could born 2 until 3 child, it happened in some research that female Sumatran Tiger could born 6 children in one pregnancy and that a maximum number that Sumatran Tiger could hold.

Actually it’s not so hard to conserve Sumatran Tiger, because this tiger can eat anything in the nature also prey on larger ungulates, like wild boar, tapir and deer, and sometimes also smaller animals, like fowl, and fish. Orangutans could be prey, but since they spend a minimal amount of time on the ground, tigers rarely catch one. According to the local people Sumatran Tiger also take durian (Durio zibethinus) for consumption.

Child Sumatran Tiger has a good independency, its suckle on the mother breast have been only 5 until 6 month, its hunt in 18 month old and life independent in 2 years old. Sumatran Tiger can life for 15 years in the wild and 20 years in the cage.

The Sumatran Tiger is the smallest of all extant tiger subspecies. Male Sumatran Tigers average 234 cm (6 feet, 8 inches) in length from head to tail and weigh about 136 kg. Females average 198 cm (6 feet, 6 inches) in length and weigh about 91 kg.

The biggest threat after all is human activity, especially the forest zone that converted into plantation, mining, housing development, transmigration etc. this thing fragment their habitat, and often issued conflict between human and Sumatran Tiger. Even end with Sumatran Tiger steps aside from its habitat. Poverty of local people, make Hunting and illegal trading in black market such as skin, bone, fang, including meat of Sumatran Tiger add more factor to its extinct.

In 1996 Sumatran Tiger categorized in critically endangered species by IUCN (Cat Specialist Group 2002). In 1992 Sumatran Tiger population approximately only 400 left in five different national park. Which are Gunung Leuser, Kerinci Seblat, Way Kambas, Berbak dan Bukit Barisan Selatan) dan dua suaka margasatwa (Kerumutan dan Rimbang. And there is 100 still lives outside conservation zone. That number estimate still decreasing. Whereas if this animal could conserve well, it might this subspecies develop become different species. Recent genetic testing has revealed the presence of unique genetic markers.

In order to conserve Sumatran Tiger, Taman Safari Indonesia (Indonesian Safari Park) designate by 20 zoos in the world to be Sumatran Tiger Conservation Center, studbook keeper and Gnome Rescue Bank.

Away back Indonesia has three from eight tiger sub species that spread all over the world, however two of them extinct, that is Harimau Jawa or Javan Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) in 1940 dan Harimau Bali or Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica) in 1980.

Such a great regret if we can conserve Sumatran Tiger and let it to extinct.

Common Name

Sumatran tiger;
Tigre de Sumatra(Fr);
Tigre de Sumatra(Sp)

Scientific Name
Panthera tigris sumatrae
Western Indonesia

IUCN: Critically Endangered C2a(i)
CITES: Appendix I

Fewer than 400 individuals

source :

Selasa, 24 Maret 2009

Javan Rhinoceros Shy Tiny Horn in Jungle

This exotic animal never bored to stare. Java Rhino or Single Little-Horn Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus, means: Sundanese Rhinoceros). This rhinoceros skin is very unique resemblance classic soldier that wear a suit of armor steel. Because its skin has some loose foldaway which give steel shield appearance and natural mosaic pattern, this make Javan Rhinoceros might be the rarest animal in the world.

In my childhood, I’m very amazed to saw its shape resemblance like “giant bug” or much closer “dinosaur bug” cause the unique strange and huge size of this rhino. Javan Rhinoceros has less attention on research cause the dearth and in fear of habitat threatened in the wild life.

Actually “Javan Rhinoceros ” it’s only a expression. it’s population spread all over Indonesia, throughout South East Asia, India and China. Nowadays, Javan Rhinoceros threatened and has critical population and only few of them still live in the wild life. According to Javan Rhinoceros population that live in Ujung Kulon National Park which reside in Java Island, Indonesia remain 40-50 only. In 2007 only eight those live in Cat Tien National Park in Vietnam. Such Pityingly Rhino.

Yore Javan Rhinoceros skin commonly used to make Chinese armor suit and even Vietnam outback tribe believe Javan Rhinoceros skin able to be amulet for snake venom. Do you know, how much price of Javan Rhinoceros horn in Chinese black market. Its cost US$ 30.000 each kilogram. What a seductive price for a hunter to get Javan Rhinoceros horn. This Javan Rhinoceros commonly used for traditional medicine the people of China.

Indonesia WWF moderate to preserve Javan Rhinoceros accompanying give region which safe enough for this rhino from tsunami, volcano explosion, earthquake and competition with the wild ox of java. That region reside in National Park, Taman Nasional Halimun in Gunung Salak, West Java where in this National Park once become Javan Rhinoceros habitat.

Indian rhino that we used to be seen on TV has a bigger size than Javan Rhinoceros, which its head smaller and skin foldaway less visible. Javan Rhinoceros length Approximately 3 meters and heights achieve 1.7 meters. Female Javan Rhinoceros commonly has a bigger size than a male. Female Javan Rhinoceros can be none or very tiny on its size. Javan Rhinoceros only have one horn and this horn has a smallest size than other rhino in the world that is 20 centimeters long. This horn actually rarely to use for a fight, but most use for escalate mud pool which to bath and submerged, to pull a tree for food and open a way when there is tree dense in front of it. Javan Rhinoceros use teeth more than it horn to fight, Javan Rhinoceros incisor long and sharp.

Javan Rhinoceros view sense is not too good as compare to it smell and hear sense. Javan Rhinoceros age approximately about 30 until 45 years. Javan Rhinoceros skin has hairy with grey, brown grey or black grey. This skin, wrap all of shoulders, back and bottom. Javan Rhinoceros Skin wrap neck, smaller than Indian rhino but still form like horse saddle at shoulders. Upper lips Javan Rhinoceros become acute and able to use for reach the food and bring them to the mouth.

Javan Rhinoceros like to submerge in the mud, it helps to keep body temperature and prevent parasite. This thing generally happened to all rhino in the world. Javan Rhinoceros doesn’t dig its own mud-bath but then prefer use other animal mud-bath or using hole that comes up naturally.

Male Javan Rhinoceros inscribe foot in the ground to communicate and mark their territory with stack of dirt and urine splash. Javan Rhinoceros doesn’t make a lot of noise than Sumatran rhino.Javan Rhinoceros in Vietnam very scared when meet human; they will quickly run to the jungle when seen human. This thing that complicate Javan Rhinoceros research. Javan Rhinoceros can be so aggressive when very close to human, they attack using its incisor and stab upward using its head. They have aggressive attitude like this probably because their habitat threatened.

For the food Javan Rhinoceros eat the plant because they are herbivore. Javan Rhinoceros eat bud, small branch, young leaf and dropped fruit. Javan Rhinoceros favorite plant is be touched by sunshine. Javan Rhinoceros can also bring down young tree to get food. Upper lips of Javan Rhinoceros can hold leaves or branches. Food adaptation Javan Rhinoceros is the easiest compare with any other rhino. Approximately 50 kilograms food consumed by Javan Rhinoceros. Salt is the nutrition that Javan Rhinoceros need for food. Same thing with Sumatran rhino, when Javan Rhinoceros doesn’t find mineral nutrition that they need, they drink sea water to get the nutrition. This thing commonly happened in Ujung Kulon.

Source :

Senin, 27 Oktober 2008

Komodo The Latest Dragon on Earth

According to me, komodo is a cute rare animal. Its big body but its bites don’t strong. Even its bite weakest than a house cat. Indonesia keep a lot of very rare animal, komodo is the one. Komodo Island isn’t as famous as Bali. We used to see komodo in the local zoo. Honesty I never go to Komodo Island, if you want ask why, the answer is I don’t have enough money to go there. So did anyone invite me to go to this place :)

Do you know " ora" ???

did you know if komodo called ora in place of people in local area. Island komodo is residence they are called. Because its population which always declines and concerns government of Indonesia to build national park komodo to protect its population and ecosystem in some islands is including island Komodo, Rinca, and Padar. Latter is specified also Preserve Wae Wuul and Wolo Tado in Pulau Flores to assist conservation komodo.

Did you believes that komodo bite as weak house cat bite ???

Just like I said before if komodo bite isn’t comparable with its body.
“Its bites very weak for that big reptile, weaker than average of house cat bitesays Stephen Wroe, from New South Wales University, Australia.
The conclusion is taken after studying bone structure komodo from specimen on file in Australian Museum, Sydney.
That report the result of his research in new edition Journal of Anatomy.
He’s conclusion taken after learn komodo bone structure from the specimen which keep in Australia Museum, Sydney. Using computer simulation model. Wroe can determine power and function part of bone around its mouth which have important job to pounce. According to him, if komodo really chew its food powerful as crocodile, its skull can be broken cause some of the space between joints like sponge.
Power of its bite doesn’t depend on the pressure, rather its sharp teeth, strong muscle neck and big space in the mouth in order to hold prey body.
Once bite, its prey guarantee wounded badly. Soon they run out of blood and died faint cause the sharp teeth. Especially support by flexible jaw bone like snake. With the result can large the pressure. That structure can because komodo can do combination between biting and pulling when eat the prey for reduce prey struggling. With conquer method which says ‘eat by inertia’, komodo can conquer bigger animal, such as buffalo.
This invention sturdy previously researcher which during the time only observed by komodo behaviors. Although the reality that komodo has big jaw, isn’t big secret, that analyze komodo in detail recently.

Komodo can be tame?

Can komodo place in your house as a pet? Hmm… I don’t think so. They will scratch your valuable furniture.
Like the most animal, komodo can be tame when get right approach. A lot of report that animal tamer has succeed to take komodo out the cage and walking around the zoo. It seems komodo can recognize people one by one. Ruston Hartdegen from Dallas zoo report that komodo recognize the guard that close.

Why becomes so BIG?

Its has long about 2 until 3 meters, and it’s make komodo biggest lizard in the world. Its big body has relation of its place where komodo lives. Island gigantisms make komodo a giant. It happened when there is no other competitor on that island, so komodo can eat much as its want. And komodo become the top predator of that island. Imagine if you’re single and don’t have any brother at all. You will be the king and have full authority to dominate the all food in you’re house J

No need to chase when you can wait

In the end if 2005, Melbourne university Australian researcher has a conclusion that perentie lizard (Varanus giganteus) and other big lizard, and lizard from agamidae group, probably have some kind of venom. Till now is known that wound coz bite of this animal have a big risk of infection because there is some kind of bacteria that live in this animal mouth, however the researcher shows direct effect that appears on the bite cause of venom injection with medium strength. The researcher observed the wounds in human hand as consequence of big lizard Varanus varius, V. scalaris and komodo, and all of it has same reaction: quick swollen in a few minute, local trouble in blood clotting. pain grasping finite to elbow, with few symptom staying finite in a few hour.
If komodo bite did not kill directly and its prey can runaway. Commonly these preys will death in one week coz of infection. The most deadly bacteria in komodo spit is Pasteurella multocida which is so lethal. It knows by research with mouse lab.

What the menu today?

Komodo is carnivore. Even though they eat carcass, research shows that they hunting life food with move stealthily follow by sudden strike to its prey. When the prey comes nearby komodo hidden place, its soon assault prey at the bottom body side or at the throat. Komodo can find its prey by smelling it until 9,5 kilometer. In its groups, biggest komodo usually eat first and then follow by the smaller one. Biggest male show its domination through body language.
Komodo preys are vary, include a vertebrata, other reptile, bird and its egg, little mammals, monkey, goat, pig, deer, horse and buffalo. Young komodo eat insect, egg, and little mammals. Sometimes komodo eat corpses by digging a shallow tomb. These habit cause Komodo Island inhabitant avoid sandy soil and choose to bury corpse in the clay, and cover the top of the tomb with rocks so komodo can’t dig it. Well you should thanks not live in Komodo Island.

What do I look

In nature, adult komodo usually has weight about 70 kilogram, otherwise komodo that take care in a zoo often has bigger body. Biggest wild specimen ever exist has 3.13 meter long and weight 166 kilogram. Even komodo admitted as the biggest lizard still live but not the longest one. This reputation holds by Papua lizard (Varanus salvadorii).
Komodo has same length between tail and body, and approximately 60 serration sharp teeth and 2.5 cm long. Komodo spit frequently mixed by little blood because almost of its teeth covered by gingival tissue and this tissue torn during eat. This circumstance creates ideal growth area for lethal bacteria that live in their mouth.
Komodo has long tongue, yellow and branches. Male komodo bigger than female , with dark grey until red bricks stone skin color. Meanwhile female komodo has green olive skin color. And has small yellow cut on its throat. Young komodo has a solid color and more contrast, with yellow green and white in black background skin color.
Komodo doesn’t have listening sensory, although have ear hole. This lizard able to see until 300 meters long, however cause its retina only has cone cell, this animal seems not so good to see in darkness. Komodo able to difference color however can’t difference unmoving object. Komodo use its tongue to detect sense and smell stimuli. Getting help by the wind and its habit to bend its head left and right when walk, komodo able to detect rotten meat 4—9.5 kilometer far.
Komodo nose hole isn’t good sensory smell because they doesn’t have midriff. Komodo doesn’t have sensory flavors in its tongue; it’s only a few available in tip of sensuous nerves behind the throat. Komodo scales, few of them strengthened by bone, has censor that in circuit with nerve which facilitate sensor excitation.

Why don’t you go to Indonesia

Indonesia is a big nation with a lot of continent, and vary culture in every continent to another. Naturally you can find komodo only in Indonesia, in Komodo Island. The other islands that you can find komodo are Flores and Rinca and some other island in Nusa Tenggara.

Komodo lives in savannah and tropical forest not so high from sea level. Komodo loves this hot and dry place. They active during the day, and sometimes at the night. Komodo is a loner, gather only when they eat and copulate.

This big reptile able to run fast, up to 20 kilometer per hour in a short distance. Swims well and able to dive till 4.5 meters; expert in climbing a tree using their strong claw. To catch prey beyond its reach, komodo can stand with hind foot and use its tail to support.
With age increasing, komodo prefer use its claw for a weapon, because its body size grown bigger make it so hard to climb a tree.
For the hideaway, komodo dig a hole 1-3 meters wide with its front leg and strong claw. Because its big body and habit to sleep in a burrow, komodo can take care body temperature in the nighttime and reduce sunbathe on the next morning.
Komodo usually hunt during the day till the afternoon, but still sheltering during hottest day. This komodo shelters usually resides in dune area or hilly with zephyr set breeze, opened from vegetation, and a lot of animal dirt around. Of course its own dweller dirt. This commonly strategic place used to ambush deer.

Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park covers three large islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, and 26 small islands. There are 11 small mountains or large hills, the highest being Mt. Satalibo (" 735 m asl.).

The dry and barren condition of the Park has produced a certain uniqueness. The expanse of savanna, limited water sources and a relatively hot temperature is indeed the preferred habitat of an ancient animal species, the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis).

Most of the Park area is savanna with the fan palm (Borassus flabellifer) as the dominant characteristic plant. Other plants include rattan (Calamus sp.), bamboo (Bambusa sp.), tamarind (Tamarindus indica), kepuh (Sterculia foetida), bidara (Ziziphus jujuba), kesambi (Schleichera oleosa), and mangrove (Rhizophora sp.).

esides the Komodo dragon, the Park is also a habitat for deer (Cervus timorensis floresiensis), wild pig (Sus scrofa), Asian wild dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus), wild horse (Equus qaballus), wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), dugong (Dugong dugon); 259 species of coral and 1,000 species of fish, 6 species of whale, 10 species of dolphin, as well as turtles and several species of snake, birds and sharks.

Komodo National Park is a national asset and it has received technical assistance to manage it to international standards. It has been declared by UNESCO as both a Natural World Heritage Site and a Biosphere Reserve.

This Park is frequently visited by international tourists, who often describe it as being like another world. Open plains stretch as far as the eye can see, with the silhouette of occasional fan palms standing out starkly against a background of mountains. The vista of parched and barren savanna is broken by the calls of birds and wild horses, while under the harsh rays of the sun, giant reptiles bathe in the clear blue waters of the Flores sea. It is an unforgettable experience.

Interesting locations/attractions:

Loh Liang: the main entrance gate for those who want to observe wildlife in monsoon forest bordering on white sand beaches. Sites of cultural interest.
Pulau Lasa, Pantai Merah, Loh Bo and Sebita: diving and snorkelling facilitated; there is a dive shop, and glass-bottomed boats are available.
Banu Nggulung: observing animals.

Best time of year to visit: March to June, and October to December.

How to reach the Park: Denpasar-Mataram-Bima by car, 2 days; then proceed by public transport to Sape. From Sape, the Park is reached by ferry. Or Denpasar-Labuan Bajo by plane (twice a week), then proceed to the Park by ferry or speedboat.

Declared : Minister of Forestry, in 1990
Designated : Minister of Forestry, SK No. 306/Kpts-II/95,
a total area of 173,300 hectares
Location : Regency of Manggarai, (Province of East Nusa Tenggara)

Temperature 17° - 43° C
Rainfall 800 - 1,000 mm/year
Altitude 0 - 735 m asl.
Geographical location 119°22' - 119°49' E; 8°23' - 8°50' S

So why don’t you go to Indonesia to se the latest dragon in earth.

article source taken from:

Senin, 28 April 2008

Golden Silkworm ( Cricula trifenestrata )

This Golden Cocoon produce by Silkworm ( Cricula trifenestrata ), but a single species in this world that produce the golden silk floss. This Silkworm ( Cricula trifenestrata ) live in Hutan Karang Tengah at Kabupaten Bantul, DI Yogyakarta.

Geographical range. Indian Subregion to Philippines, Sulawesi and Java

For the first time villagers has a assumption that the silkworm is a bug, that bald their plant so they exterminate by frying them as delicious food. Understanding of a situation the villagers in Hutan Karang tengah live in poverty.
The Silkworm Cultivation have beneficial to villagers. 2 Kg of golden silk has cost estimating about US$ 200, that a local price in Yogyakarta, it that product has been export to foreign countries, maybe it multiply third times from the local price. The Silkworm Cultivation has a great benefit to reduce global warming that threaten our planet :)